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Direct Drive motors

The Baldor-Reliance direct drive motors are synchronous PM motors that use laminated finned frame construction to provide a highly efficient power dense package with flange mounting dimensions that can replace the right angle gearbox and jack shaft installation in many conventional cooling towers. This same technology is offered in conventional, yet power dense, foot mounted designs that can replace the belt and sheave application where more vertical mounting space is available. Derived from one of the toughest motor platforms used in the most demanding industrial applications, Baldor-Reliance direct drive motors are the right solution for operation inside the tower’s hot and humid environment.  Direct drives are ideal for cooling towers, air cooled condensers and air cooled heat exchangers.
direct drive motors

Cooling Tower Features

  • Increased efficiency and power factor performance
  • Operates at optimal system efficiency point with variable speed control
  • Increased system reliability with fewer mechanical parts
  • Simplified installation or retrofit with gearbox foot print
  • Inpro/Seal® combination slinger and labyrinth non-contact shaft seal protects motor from water ingress and contamination
  • Easy to use drive control parameters
  • Interfaces easily to building automation control systems
  • Replaces high maintenance conventional gear and belt drive arrangements
  • Quieter operation than conventional motor/gearbox system
  • Conventional Cooling Tower Drive

    A cooling tower is a heat exchange system that removes waste heat from a process system fluid, usually water. Cooling towers are used in both commercial and industrial applications. The mechanical components of a cooling tower fan are made up of a motor, gearbox, drive shaft, disc couplings and fan impeller. The motor speed is typically 1,800 RPMs. Fan speeds are much slower and are determined by the diameter of the blades to keep the blade tip subsonic, typically around 90 to 230 RPMs. In cooler climates, the fans can be reversed to prevent freezing during the winter months. Average cells are 14 to 28 feet in diameter.

    Improvements in system safety, reliability, efficiency and noise reduction are now possible with the introduction of new motor and drive technology applied to cooling tower applications. The same electric motor and control technology used to power today's most sophisticated hybrid vehicles has been adapted for cooling tower drive applications. Advances in motor power density using laminated steel frame construction combined with high flux strength permanent magnet salient pole rotor technology results in a high-torque, slow-speed, low-profile motor that is mounted directly to the fan and operates at an optimal speed to maximize system efficiency. The permanent magnet rotor construction also allows the motor to be manufactured in a compact form. The same basic motor design requirements for a hybrid vehicle of high torque, efficient, low weight, reliable, quiet and compact also apply to the cooling tower application.
    direct drive motor
  • Cooling Tower Motors and Controls

    ABB’s Baldor-Reliance direct drive motor with ACS880 variable frequency drive and +N5350 cooling tower drive controller are designed to drop directly into existing gearbox mounting patterns. A Retrofit can normally be accomplished in less than six hours. The greatest improvement to the fan drive efficiency is seen with the elimination of the gearbox from the system. Permanent magnet control greatly increases operating efficiencies even under lightly loaded conditions typical in fan applications at low speeds. Temperature rise in the motor is also considerably lower, making for a power-dense package with increased motor life over conventional induction motor systems.

    Gearbox mounted to motor

    Gearbox Mounted to Motor

    Fan mounted to motor

    Fan Mounted to Motor

Common industries

  • HVAC
  • Chemical, oil and gas
  • Power generation

Common applications

  • Wet and dry cooling towers
  • Air cooled condensors
  • Air cooled heat exchangers

Related videos

Cooling Tower Wizard Software

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